All You Need to Know About Menstruation

Menstruation, or the menstrual cycle, is a monthly occurrence for women. The uterine lining dissolves and departs the body via the vaginal canal as the pregnancy progresses. There are several ways the reproductive system and other organs are impacted.

When young girls have their first period, they are usually between 8 and 15. The first few menstrual cycles may be irregular, and the average age of menstruation onset is 12 years. 

Every 28 days, most women will experience a recurrence of their menstruation. On the other hand, adult women have 21 to 35 days periods.

Girls beyond 13 can have more irregular periods from 21 to 45 days. Hormones are in charge of regulating these cycles.

Periods usually last three to seven days, with varying amounts of blood loss. They come in three levels of severity: 

  • Mild
  • Moderate
  • Severe


Premenstrual symptoms are not the same for every woman. Symptoms that are common include:

  • Breast Swelling and Tenderness
  • Premenstrual Syndrome
  • Acne Breakouts 
  • Bloating
  • Tension
  • Stomach Cramps

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Because the symptoms of menstruation and early pregnancy might be similar, some women may misinterpret them, of which some of the symptoms are:

  • A missing period
  • Breast pain or swelling
  • Nausea
  • Frequent urination
  • Exhaustion

Premenstrual Syndrome 

Premenstrual syndrome symptoms are experienced by certain women (PMS). Symptoms of this persistent illness include:

  • Insomnia
  • Dizziness
  • Bloating
  • Mood Swings
  • Difficulty Concentration
  • Breast Tenderness
  • Tiredness
  • Social Withdrawal

The degree of these symptoms varies. Possible symptoms are joint or muscle discomfort, constipation, headaches, fluid retention, and diarrhea.

Changes in hormone or Serotonin levels might cause PMS. 

Menstrual Cycle Problems 

Women may have issues or irregularities with their menstrual cycle from time to time. The following are examples of common problems: 


Menstrual pain can be rather intense at times. Endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and high amounts of prostaglandin hormone are possible causes.


This refers to at least 90 days without a menstrual cycle. Pregnancy, lactation, eating disorders, extreme exercise, and stress are all factors that contribute to amenorrhea.

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding 

Any vaginal bleeding that is not considered normal for a menstrual period is referred to as this. Bleeding between periods or after intercourse, vaginal spotting, particularly heavy or extended menstrual bleeding, and postmenopausal bleeding are all examples of this.

Implantation Bleeding

As the embryo gets attached to the uterine wall during early pregnancy, some women will suffer what is known as implantation bleeding.” 

  • Around 10 to 14 days following conception, you should expect to have an implant bleeding.
  • Implantation bleeding is characterized by light brown spotting rather than the vivid red flow of a menstrual period.
  •  Implantation bleeding is usually short-lived and does not require treatment for most women. 

When To Call a Doctor? 

Polycystic ovarian disease, endometriosis, and uterine fibroids are all medical diseases that can disrupt the menstrual cycle.

If your symptoms are causing you concern, you should speak with your doctor. The following are signs that you should see a doctor regarding your period: 

  • Abnormal uterine bleeding 
  • Menstruation bleeding that lasts for more than 15 days 
  • Postmenopausal bleeding
  • Periods occurring more often 21 days
  • Irregular bleeding within periods
  • Heavy vaginal bleeding 
  • not having had a period by the age of 15 or within the first three years of breast development
  • Signs of toxic shock syndrome

Toxic shock syndrome is extraordinarily harmful and can be fatal in some situations. Toxic shock can cause the following symptoms: 

  • Fainting
  • A fever over 102°F
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Rashes resembling sunburn
  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Fainting 
  • Dizziness
  • A sore throat 


Although menstruation is a natural process and there is no reason to be ashamed of it, it can be painful. If you experience any pain during your period, don’t hesitate to visit MARHAM.PK for the best treatment available in Karachi by consulting the best gynecologist

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) 

1- What things should I avoid during my menstruation? 

It is best to avoid spicy foods, sugar, alcohol, and salts during menstruation (since salts can cause water retention leading to bloating

2- What hurts most during menstruation? 

Your uterus contracts during your menstrual period to assist shed its lining. Hormone-like molecules trigger the uterine muscle contractions (prostaglandins) implicated in pain and inflammation. More severe menstrual cramps are linked to higher levels of prostaglandins.

3- Which drinks should I take during my menstruation? 

It is usually advised to take ginger tea, chamomile tea, and raspberry leaf tea during menstruation, and these are natural ingredients that help recover the pain of menstruation. Moreover, staying hydrated is the most essential. 

4- Is chocolate good for menstruation? 

You don’t need an excuse to indulge any longer. Dark chocolate not only satisfies your sweet craving during your period, but it’s also high in potassium, which helps your muscles work, which is excellent for when cramps strike!

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