Are you eagerly waiting to know the speed of galaxy? Yes. Right? What will you do by knowing the speed of the galaxy, if you don’t know what the galaxy is? Therefore, to overcome this, you should first learn about the galaxy. So, the galaxy is an immense collection of dust, gas, and billions of stars and their solar systems. Our galaxy, the Milky Way, also has a supermassive black hole in the middle, which is still mysterious, but research is ongoing on it. When you look up at stars in the sky at night, you are seeing other stars in the Milky Way. Let me tell you the speed of galaxy.
What Is The Speed Of Galaxy?
The speed of galaxy is 1.3 million miles per hour which is equivalent to 2.1 million kilometers per hour. Can you imagine it? No. after knowing the speed of galaxy moving your next question should be, how fast is the milky way moving towards the great attractor? So, its answer is around 1,342,162 miles per hour.
Now, let’s know some other speeds of the galaxy like rotational speed and linear expansion speed. So, the speed of galaxy rotation is around 130 miles per second or 210 km/sec. Similarly, the speed of galaxy expansion is around 67.36 kilometers per second per megaparsec, one mega per second equals 3.26 million light-years.
How fast are we traveling around the galaxy in km/hr? We are traveling around the galaxy at the speed of 1.3 million mph, you can not feel it, but we are rocketing through space at a huge speed. It is because the earth revolves around the Sun, and the speed of earth around Sun m/s is 30,000 meters per second. And the sun is orbiting the center of the galaxy. How fast is the sun moving? It is around 200 kilometers per second. Lastly, the galaxy is barreling through the cosmic wind of radiation released during the Big Bang.
The guardian of the galaxy cosmic rewind speed is around 60 mph. Similarly, the speed of universe is 300,000 kilometers per second, nothing can travel faster than this. Now, the question is, does the milky way move? Yes, the milky way as a whole is moving at a velocity of approximately 600 kilometers per second with respect to extragalactic frames of reference.
Let’s know how to calculate such immense speed.
Calculate The Speed Of Galaxy
So, calculating the speed of the galaxy is not an easy task, behind it many years and uncountable efforts and research are there. After countless efforts scientists and astronauts have calculated the speed of the galaxy.
The speed of galaxy formula is as,
The speed of Galaxy (v) = z*c
Where, z = 50/5000 = 0.001
c = 3000 km/sec
So, we can conclude that this galaxy is moving with the velocity v = 0.001*3000 km/sec away from us.
To calculate the speed of the galaxy, all wavelengths will be measured in Angstroms, and we will approximate the speed of light at 300,000 km/sec. Thus, we can determine the speed of a galaxy from its spectrum, we simply measure the wavelength f a known absorption line and solve the equation v = z*c.
About The Galaxy
Galaxies are sprawling systems of dark matter, gas, dust, and anywhere from a million to a trillion stars that are held together with the help of gravitational force. Almost all galaxies are thought to also contain supermassive black holes at their centers.
Here is the arrangement from largest to smallest, universe, galaxy, solar system, star, planet, moon, and asteroid.
One solar system consists of our start, the Sun, and everything bound to it by gravity. The planets Mars, Jupiter, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Dwarf planets such as Pluto and dozens of moons and millions of asteroids, comets, and meteoroids.
And, the galaxy consists of more than 3,200 solar systems. Scientists believe that there may be hundreds of billions of galaxies in the universe.
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Do Galaxies Travel Faster Than Light?
Galaxies receding faster than the speed of light exist but we can’t see them. Occasionally, you see in popular books and even from scientists that even though galaxies can recede from us faster than light, we cannot see them. This is completely false.
Can We See Galaxy Moving?
Galaxies are so large, and so far away, that you could never see them move just by looking even if you looked for a whole lifetime through the most powerful telescope!
How Old Is The Oldest Galaxy?
Just weeks into its mission, the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) has broken the record for the oldest galaxy ever observed by nearly 100 million years. Seeing some of the first galaxies to form after the big bang 13.8 billion years ago is one of the key goals of the JWST.
How Long Can A Galaxy Live?
Four billion years from now, our galaxy, the Milky Way, will collide with our large spiraled neighbor, Andromeda. The galaxies as we know them will not survive. In fact, our solar system is going to outlive our galaxy.
Now, by reading this article, you got almost all your concepts regarding the galaxy. Also, you come to know about the speed of the galaxy. We are living on the Earth and till now, we couldn’t discover every part of the earth, yet no one reached the north and south poles of the Earth. And when you see the size of the earth compared to the size of the galaxy it is like a dot. Now, you can understand how huge and immense the galaxy is. So, this was all about the speed of galaxy.