What Is Bills Receivable?

Are you curious to know what is bills receivable? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about bills receivable in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is bills receivable?

In the realm of finance and accounting, bills receivable plays a significant role as a financial instrument that represents a legal claim for payment. It is a term commonly used in commercial transactions and reflects the amount owed to a business entity by its debtors. In this blog post, we will delve into what bills receivable are, how they function, and their importance in managing cash flow and financial stability.

What Is Bills Receivable?

Bills receivable, also known as trade bills or promissory notes, are written instruments that serve as evidence of a debt owed by one party (the debtor) to another party (the creditor). They are created when a seller or creditor extends credit to a buyer or debtor, allowing them to defer payment for goods or services. Bills receivable represent a legal commitment to pay a specified amount within a predetermined period.

Key Features And Mechanics

  1. Promissory Nature: Bills receivable embody a promise to pay a specific sum of money on a specified future date. The debtor (maker of the bill) acknowledges their obligation to repay the creditor (holder of the bill) within the agreed-upon timeframe.
  2. Parties Involved: The key parties in a bill receivable transaction are the drawer (creditor or seller) and the drawee (debtor or buyer). The drawer creates the bill and holds the right to payment, while the drawee is obligated to make the payment on the due date.
  3. Payment Terms: Bills receivable typically include the principal amount, maturity date (due date), interest rate (if applicable), and any additional terms or conditions agreed upon between the parties involved.

Importance And Benefits

  1. Cash Flow Management: Bills receivable enable businesses to manage their cash flow effectively. By issuing bills instead of requiring immediate payment, sellers can extend credit to customers while maintaining a steady inflow of cash over time. This allows businesses to better match their income and expenses, enhancing financial stability.
  2. Financial Flexibility: Bills receivable provide financial flexibility to both creditors and debtors. Creditors can negotiate favorable terms, such as interest rates or installment payments, while debtors can defer payment and allocate funds to other pressing needs in the short term.
  3. Collateral and Financing: Bills receivable can serve as collateral for loans or financing arrangements. Lenders may accept bills receivable as security, allowing businesses to access additional funds based on the value of outstanding bills.
  4. Legal Recourse: In the event of non-payment, bills receivable provide legal recourse to the holder. The creditor can take legal action to enforce payment, such as filing a lawsuit or pursuing debt collection procedures, to recover the amount owed.

Accounting Treatment

In accounting, bills receivable are recorded as assets on the balance sheet. When a bill is issued, it is recognized as an accounts receivable, representing the amount owed by the debtor. Once the payment is received, the accounts receivable is reduced, and cash is increased.


Bills receivable serve as an essential financial instrument in commercial transactions, allowing businesses to extend credit and manage cash flow effectively. By deferring payment, sellers provide flexibility to buyers while maintaining a reliable income stream. Understanding the mechanics and significance of bills receivable is crucial for businesses and individuals involved in trade and finance. By leveraging this financial instrument, businesses can maintain liquidity, optimize cash flow, and ensure financial stability in their operations.

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What Is Meaning Of Bills Receivable?

A bill receivable is a document that your customer formally agrees to pay at some future date (the maturity date). The bill receivable document effectively replaces, for the related amount, the open debt exchanged for the bill. Bills receivable are often remitted for collection and used to secure short term funding.

What Is Bill Receivable And Bills Payable?

When the drawee (customer) accepts the bill and sends it back to the drawer (vendor), it becomes a bill receivable for the drawer as the money is receivable for him. On the other hand, it becomes a bill payable for the drawer as it is a liability for him.

Is Bills Receivable Debit Or Credit?


Accounts receivable is a debit, which is an amount that is owed to the business by an individual or entity.

What Is Bills Receivable In Tally?

Bills receivable is a bill of exchange on which payment is expected to be received at a later date. Bills receivable report in Tally. ERP 9 displays all the outstanding receivables during a specified period. 1. Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statements of Accounts > Outstandings > Receivables .

Are Bills Receivable Liabilities?

Accounts receivable: asset, liability, or equity? Accounts receivable are an asset, not a liability. In short, liabilities are something that you owe somebody else, while assets are things that you own. Equity is the difference between the two, so once again, accounts receivable is not considered to be equity.

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