What Is Debenture Trust Deed?

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In the realm of finance and investments, debentures are a common form of long-term borrowing for companies. When issuing debentures, companies often create a legal document known as a Debenture Trust Deed. In this blog post, we will explore the concept, purpose, and key components of a Debenture Trust Deed, shedding light on its significance in the world of corporate finance.

What Is Debenture Trust Deed?

A Debenture Trust Deed, also known as an Indenture, is a legal document that outlines the terms, conditions, and rights associated with debentures issued by a company. It serves as an agreement between the company issuing the debentures (the issuer) and a trustee who represents the interests of the debenture holders (the bondholders).

Purpose Of A Debenture Trust Deed:

  1. Protection of Bondholders: The primary purpose of a Debenture Trust Deed is to safeguard the interests of bondholders. It establishes the legal relationship between the issuer and the bondholders, outlining the rights and obligations of each party. The trust deed ensures that the issuer fulfills its financial obligations and provides recourse for bondholders in case of default or non-payment.
  2. Debt Management: A Debenture Trust Deed outlines the terms and conditions of the debentures, including the interest rate, maturity date, redemption provisions, and any covenants or restrictions imposed on the issuer. It helps the issuer manage its debt by clearly defining its obligations and ensuring compliance with the agreed-upon terms.

Key Components Of A Debenture Trust Deed:

  1. Parties Involved: The trust deed identifies the issuer of the debentures, the trustee representing the bondholders, and any other parties involved in the transaction.
  2. Terms and Conditions: The trust deed includes detailed provisions regarding the debentures, such as the principal amount, interest rate, payment frequency, maturity date, and any sinking fund provisions for repayment.
  3. Security and Collateral: If the debentures are secured by specific assets of the company, the trust deed specifies the nature and extent of the security provided to bondholders. This ensures that bondholders have a claim on the designated assets in case of default.
  4. Rights and Remedies: The trust deed outlines the rights and remedies available to bondholders in the event of default, such as acceleration of repayment, enforcement of security, or appointment of a receiver.
  5. Reporting and Disclosures: The trust deed may require the issuer to provide periodic financial statements, audits, and other disclosures to bondholders, ensuring transparency and accountability.

Significance Of Debenture Trust Deeds:

  1. Investor Protection: Debenture Trust Deeds play a vital role in protecting the interests of bondholders by clearly defining the terms of the debentures and establishing a legal framework for their enforcement.
  2. Market Confidence: The existence of a trust deed enhances market confidence and investor trust in the issuer. It provides assurance that the issuer is committed to fulfilling its financial obligations and adhering to the agreed-upon terms.
  3. Borrowing Opportunities: For companies, a Debenture Trust Deed can open up opportunities for raising capital through the issuance of debentures. The existence of a trust deed makes the debentures more attractive to investors, potentially resulting in lower borrowing costs for the issuer.


Debenture Trust Deeds are crucial legal documents that establish the terms and conditions governing the relationship between issuers and bondholders. By safeguarding the interests of bondholders and providing clarity on repayment terms, these trust deeds enhance investor protection, foster market confidence, and facilitate borrowing opportunities for companies. Understanding the significance of Debenture Trust Deeds is essential for investors, issuers, and financial professionals involved in the world of corporate finance.

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When Should A Debenture Trust Deed Be Executed?

As per the terms of the Offer Letter, the Company is required to execute this Deed within 60 (sixty) days from the Deemed Date of Allotment, and as per the terms of the issue of the Debentures, the Trustee has called upon the Company to execute this Deed.

What Are The Contents Of A Debenture Trust Deed?

The Company covenants with the Debenture Trustee that it shall pay to the Debenture Holder(s) all Debenture Obligations payable in respect of the Debentures on their respective Due Dates, including the Redemption Amount, interest (if any) or coupon (if any) payable thereon, Redemption Premium (if any), the principal 

What Is The Concept Of A Trust Deed?

Meaning of trust deed in English. a legal document that creates a trust, giving a person or organization the right to manage money or property for someone else, and says how this should be done: The trust deed states clearly what they were entitled to do with the property.

What Is The Stamp Duty On A Debenture Trust Deed?

The rate of Stamp Duty will be 0.005 % of the market value both for shares and debentures.

Who Can Be A Debenture Holder?

A person having the debentures is called debenture holder. They are the persons or firms who purchase the debentures of other company. They are not concerned with the management and regulation of the company.

Can Anyone Issue Debentures?

Corporations and governments can issue debentures. Governments typically issue long-term bonds—those with maturities of longer than 10 years. Considered low-risk investments, these government bonds have the backing of the government issuer. Corporations also use debentures as long-term loans.

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