What Is Gana Porutham?

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In Vedic astrology, Gana Porutham is an important aspect used to assess the compatibility between two individuals for marriage. It is one of the many factors considered during Kundali matching, a traditional practice to determine the suitability and harmony between prospective couples. In this blog post, we will delve into the concept of Gana Porutham, its significance in astrology, and how it influences matrimonial compatibility. Join us as we explore the fascinating world of Gana Porutham and its role in Vedic astrology.

What Is Gana Porutham?

Gana Porutham is based on the classification of human temperament into three categories or “Ganas”: Deva (Divine), Manushya (Human), and Rakshasa (Demon). Each individual is assigned one of these Ganas based on their birth star (nakshatra) in the Vedic astrology system. The Gana Porutham assesses the compatibility between the Ganas of the prospective bride and groom.

The Three Ganas:

  1. Deva Gana: Those born under the Deva Gana are believed to possess divine qualities, such as kindness, spirituality, and a gentle nature. They are considered compatible with individuals from the Deva and Manushya Ganas.
  2. Manushya Gana: The Manushya Gana represents human qualities and traits. People in this Gana are seen as practical, sociable, and adaptable. They are generally compatible with individuals from the Deva and Manushya Ganas.
  3. Rakshasa Gana: Those belonging to the Rakshasa Gana are characterized by strong and assertive personalities. They are often seen as passionate, ambitious, and driven. Rakshasa Gana individuals are considered compatible with partners from the Rakshasa and Manushya Ganas.

Evaluating Compatibility:

To assess Gana Porutham, the Gana of the prospective bride and groom is compared. The compatibility is determined as follows:

  • Deva Gana with Deva Gana: Excellent compatibility
  • Deva Gana with Manushya Gana: Good compatibility
  • Deva Gana with Rakshasa Gana: Incompatible
  • Manushya Gana with Manushya Gana: Excellent compatibility
  • Manushya Gana with Rakshasa Gana: Average compatibility
  • Rakshasa Gana with Rakshasa Gana: Excellent compatibility

It is important to note that while Gana Porutham provides insights into compatibility, it is not the sole determinant of a successful marriage. Other factors, such as the position of planets (Graha Maitri), emotional compatibility, and shared values, also play crucial roles in Kundali matching.

Significance Of Gana Porutham:

Gana Porutham is believed to influence various aspects of a couple’s relationship, including their compatibility, understanding, and overall harmony. It is considered beneficial for couples to share the same Gana or have compatible Ganas, as it can lead to a smoother and more balanced partnership.

The classification of Ganas helps individuals and families assess potential challenges and understand the dynamics within a relationship. It provides insights into personality traits and helps couples navigate potential differences, ensuring a stronger foundation for their union.

Seeking Astrological Guidance:

In the practice of Kundali matching, Gana Porutham is just one of several aspects considered by astrologers. Consulting a knowledgeable astrologer can provide a deeper understanding of compatibility based on Vedic astrology principles. It is important to approach astrological guidance with an open mind, understanding that compatibility is influenced by multiple factors.


Gana Porutham is an integral part of Kundali matching in Vedic astrology, offering insights into the compatibility between prospective couples based on their Ganas. While it is important to consider Gana Porutham, it is equally essential to recognize that a successful marriage is built on mutual understanding, respect, and shared values. Ultimately, astrology serves as a tool to assist individuals in making informed decisions and understanding potential dynamics in their marital journey.

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Is Gana Porutham Important?

Importance of Gana Porutham

Gana porutham is the second among the ten poruthams (the Dina porutham being the first). Gana porutham takes into account the matching of the nature of both the boy and the girl to assure compatibility of mind, body and sensuality after marriage.

What Happens If Gana Porutham Does Not Match?

Gana Dosha is one of the married life incompatibility that occurs when there is no satisfactory Gana matching between a couple. When a bride and groom have incompatible Ganas, a Gana dosha is said to be present in their kundli matching result.

Which Gana Is Suitable For Marriage?

For approving a marriage, there must be not less than 18 Guna matches between the bride and the groom’s horoscopes. If the matching Gunas are less than 18, then the proposed match is not approved. If 18 to 25 Gunas match, then it is demed as a good marriage. A best match ensues when 26 to 32 Gunas match.

What Is The Meaning Of Gana In Astrology?

Deva gana nature is humble, generous and kind-hearted. According to deva gana features these persons possesses good temperament, good behaviour and tends to follow all the cultural rules and traditions.

Why Gana Is Important For Marriage?

Gana or qualities match the propensities or qualities of the individuals based on classifying individuals as endowed with the qualities of gods, humans and demons. The coupling of the same Guna is the best match. 4. Maitri ascertains the ability of the couple to have a compatible relationship in the family life.

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